The Athabaskans, about 12,000 years ago.
These people walked east from central Siberia, following game, until they impinged on the land owned by the Amerindians.
The Indians still hate them. The Eskimos, who came later, hate them as well.
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- Stew Ingredient
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As usual, Lost Soul is deluded, relying on short sighted information regarding "recent" migration events. America's first residents did enter over the Beringia Landbridge, but they did so around 30,000 years ago. They are referred to as Paleo-Americans. American Indian tribes are descended from these people. Athabascans are just the latest users of the bridge, but they're not a diversification. They're the same basic "Yurpik" bloodline that migrated across the land bridge in several waves (when it wasn't closed by sea level fluctuation and glaciation) in those 30,000 years.
The Yupik were a native population in eastern Asia, displaced by more aggressive oriental cultures. Some still remain but the bloodline is now heavily diluted.
As to "WHO" were the first "diverse" culture to reach America, my guess would be the Polynesians. Given millennia of expansion, Paleo-American Indians had penetrated into S. America and settled there, but were limited by Jungles and Mountains. They did not develop as robustly as their North American counterparts. A seaborne migration of Eastern Asians sailed East and populated the Islands of the Pacific, mixing with small colonies of Australian aborigines. From there some continued East and were carried to S. America. It's probable that some Asian migrants reached the Americas directly (there are artifacts.)
In S. America, the Polynesian and Yupik bloodlines mixed, producing a distinctive blend that differentiates the Indians of North and South America.
Caucasians, if you can call the Spanish such, are probably the latest culture to diversify the Americas.
"Life is not like a box of chocolates, it's a jalapeno. What you do today will bite you in the ass tomorrow."